If you have attempted some DIY gardening in the past and found yourself struggling to see the results you hoped for, the reason might not be what you’d expect. It doesn’t matter whether you are just getting into gardening or whether you are a seasoned horticulturist; planning and preparation throughout the year are key to every successful garden.
To help you achieve a thriving garden no matter your experience, we have put together a step-by-step gardening guide. Follow the steps below to be well on the way to a blooming-successful garden that will leave your neighbours stunned.
What we'll cover in this article:
- What to do in the garden in Winter
- What to do in the garden in Spring
- What to do in the garden in Summer
- What to do in the garden in Autumn
- Wrapping Up
What to do in the garden in Winter
When does winter start and end?
The meteorological seasons place winter between December 1st to February 28th, giving you plenty of time to get into the nitty-gritty of planning and mapping out your garden for the upcoming spring season.
Make a plan for the growing season
To get started, grab a piece of paper, download a garden planning app or outline a rough draft on your computer. Now you want to spend some time thinking about what to plant and how much of it you should plant. This gives you a great opportunity to consider placement, plant spacing and plant height. Make sure to consider what direction your garden faces and what climatic conditions it is going to be in. This allows you to keep in mind your plants’ differing tolerances to temperatures.
Once you have spent some time brainstorming and you have decided on everything you would like to plant, we recommend mapping out your garden. You can do this by the square foot or the number of beds available. When planning out what to place where, you should always consider what direction each bed faces to determine whether it would create a healthy environment for your plant to grow.
What to do in the garden in Spring
When does spring start and end?
The spring season sees its official beginning on March 1st and is here to stay until May 31st each year. Spring is the perfect time for new beginnings. The combination of frequent rainfall and sunshine creates an optimal environment for any seeds and crops you sow to transform into blooming plants and delicious veggies over the upcoming months.
Start planting summer seeds
We recommend spending equal amounts of time on garden maintenance and on planting seeds throughout the season. Depending on the rainfall in your area, you might need to weed more often - once or twice a week should suffice. Check out our April blog post for some tips and tricks on how to reduce the time you spend weeding.
Of course, if you cannot rely on frequent rain, you still need to water your beds, borders and potted plants depending on the specific plant needs. We go into more detail about when to sow which plants in our post about which gardening tasks to do in March.
May sees spring in full force. You should take this opportunity to plant any remaining seeds for the summer. If you’ve been growing your plants in a conservatory up until this point, we recommend checking out our May blog post, where we go into detail about how to harden off your plants before moving them outdoors.
What to do in the garden in Summer
When does summer start and end?
The season we have all been waiting for announces itself on June 1st and is here to stay until August 31st; giving us plenty of time to reap the rewards of our preparation work from the previous months. The crops we planted in March, April and May are slowly getting ready to be harvested throughout this sun-filled season, reminding us of why we started a garden in the first place.
It’s the perfect time to experiment with new recipes and to prepare some delicious summer meals. There is nothing quite like the taste of homegrown herbs, veggies and soft fruits.
Give your flowers a second life
The end of the summer season marks an ideal time to prune your rose bushes and perennials and to remove any deadheads, as this enables you to enjoy a thriving second flush at the end of the season.
What to do in the garden in Autumn
When does autumn start and end?
The autumn season sees its beginning on September 1st and gradually comes to an end towards late November. It’s a great idea to bed down your garden and to prepare it for the cold months ahead whilst we are still able to enjoy a few sunny days here and there.
Prepare your garden for winter
Get out on a nice crisp morning, enjoy the fresh air and invest some time in pruning, tidying and weeding your perennials to allow your plants to overwinter safely. Once you watch those lovely late flowering plants come to a close, it is time to replace your summer bedding with winter-spring flowering bedding.
Protect your plants with mulch and fleece
Now is also a great time to mulch any delicates. Make sure to put a generous amount of mulch around them to protect them from the cold temperatures and stormier weathers. Give all of your hedges and trees a quick trim, plant some bulbs on the patio, collect any leaves and add them to your compost and pick any remaining raspberries, salads or apples from your grow-your-own corner.
Make sure to think about protecting your plants with fleece to add some warmth to them, so they stand the best chance of overwintering. Autumn also marks a great time to ensure your bird feeders are full to allow wild birds to sustain themselves throughout the colder months to come.
As you can see, there is always something to do in the garden. We hope this overview has equipped you with a good idea of what to think about for a thriving garden all year round.
To be fully prepared for a wildly successful garden at every point of the year, we recommend you check out our blog posts for each month and read up about our best tips and tricks to leave no seed unplanted.
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